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LE MOT DU BUREAU

AVRIL 2020

Dans cette période troublée, nous avons appris plein de mots nouveaux qui ne nous serviront jamais à rien mais qui vous posent un homme : coronavirus, covid-19, SARS-CoV-2, masque FFP2 (qui ne veut pas dire fédération française de pétanque mais filtering facepiece), immunité collective, azithromycine, tocilizumab (qui n’est pas un dieu aztèque), etc.

De notre côté, nous avons fait très fort : nous respections scrupuleusement le confinement, mais un deuxième virus nous a attaqués dans ce que nous avions de plus précieux : notre ordinateur ! Nous avons tout perdu alors que nous étions en train de « boucler » ce bulletin et DEUX suppléments à titre exceptionnel. Le drame absolu …

Heureusement, tout est rentré dans l’ordre, ce qui nous permet de vous souhaiter bonne lecture. Surtout, découvrez ou redécouvrez la poésie de notre ancien Gaston Muraz. Ses poèmes ont quasiment cent ans !

Le Bureau

samedi 9 juin 2018

Article intéressant du Lancet du 1er mai 2016

Jean-Marie Milleliri (#002) signale à Ceux du Pharo un article de Laëtitia Atlani-Duault et al., paru dans the Lancet le 1er mai 2016, ayant pour titre:

State humanitarian verticalism versus universal health coverage: a century of French international health assistance revisited.

Le contenu est en accès libre, mais à condition de s'inscrire (gratuitement) dans la base du Lancet, sauf bien sûr si vous disposez d'un accès institutionnel.

Summary
The French contribution to global public health over the past two centuries has been marked by a
fundamental tension between two approaches: State-provided universal free health care and what we propose to call State humanitarian verticalism. Both approaches have historical roots in French colonialism and have led to successes and failures that continue until the present day. In this paper, the second in The Lancet's Series on France, we look at how this tension has evolved. During the French colonial period (1890s to 1950s), the Indigenous Medical Assistance structure was supposed to bring metropolitan France's model of universal and free public health care to the colonies, and French State imperial humanitarianism crystallised in vertical programmes inspired by Louis Pasteur, while vying with early private humanitarian activism in health represented by Albert Schweitzer. From decolonisation to the end of the Cold War (1960–99), French assistance to newly independent states was affected by sans frontièrisme, Health for All, and the AIDS pandemic. Since 2000, France has had an active role in development of global health initiatives and favoured multilateral action for health assistance. Today, with adoption of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals and the challenges of non-communicable diseases, economic inequality, and climate change, French international health assistance needs new direction. In the context of current debate over global health as a universal goal, understanding and acknowledging France's history could help strengthen advocacy in favour of universal health coverage and contribute to advancing global equity through income redistribution, from healthy populations to people who are sick and from wealthy individuals to those who are poor.

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